Such a tough week but I have been busy purchasing my oils and fragrances. I can’t believe that I’m now spending less on goodies to sit and eat all day. The most yummy smells coming from kitchen are fragrances and oils. There was a time it baked apple pie and triple chocolate layers.
SOAP., SOAP, SOAP……………if you are getting into soap there is no need to spend a fortunate on equipment. I will set out here all you need.
EQUIPMENT health and safety first
- WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING, LONG SLEEVED SHIRT, JEANS, GOGGLES TO PROTECT EYES AND MASK TO PROTECT FROM FUMES FROM LYE
- i wear an old shirt and a pair of washed out jeans. I cover my feet with a pair of slippers. They were given to me as a Christmas present in the office. I assumed someone wanted to dispose of them. I was planning to do just until I found use for them. I also purchased a pair of goggles below for £6.99. They are adjustable too
CLOTHING….i wear an old shirt and jeans and a pair of work slippers that cover my feet.
- MAKING SOAP IS ABOUT HEALTH AND SAFETY. THE PROCESS IS NOT FOR THE FASHION OR MAKE-UP CONSCIOUS
I refer to Vinegar as an necessary piece of equipment. In the event of burning apply white vinegar to the skin. I always keep a bottle on the counter. It has remained full thanks to the protective clothing.
You probably have the following items in your kitchen. Kitchen items is are the tools you need. Pleases do not ever reuse the items used for soap making to prepare food. I checked out what cooking utensils needed to be renewed in my kitchen. I used the older utensils for my soap making, I store them in plastic storage units that I have squeezed into a corner in my kitchen. You should not go out and spend too much money. The tools required allow for thriftiness. The plastic see through boxes were used from bay cost £5 each. They were sold locally and I saved on postage and packaging.
I am interested in making both cold process and hot process soap. A crock pot is recommended for hot process soap. I started off this hobby to save money so I raided my kitchen utensil storage space. I found a deep fat fryer that I had no use for. I couldn’t believe I had two. One my mother purchased for me and one a friend gave to me. I sold one on ebay for half price as it was nearly new. I was able to purchase a nearly new crock pot for less than what I sold the fryer. It was in excellent condition.
YOU ALSO NEED
- A large stainless steel spook and plastic spatulas. The spook is to stir in the lye and the spatula to mix the oils. These can purchased at your nearest pound or poundland stores. Also you need rubber gloves. I purchased mine from ebay at £3 for a box of forty. plastic spoon — for stirring the lye solution.
- A soap mold — to pour your raw soap into
- many different options here – from a commercial soap mold to yogurt cups, or Tupperware container – basically any leak-proof container made of plastic, glass or stainless steel. Wood or cardboard molds can be used too if they are first lined with freezer paper.
- A large Pyrex pitcher to measure hard and soft oils. In the case of CP soap the Pyrex can also be used for mixing ingredients. Do not use the glass pitcher to mix lye. The temperature from the lye will crack the glass.
- Lye must be measured accurately.
- I use a regular sized Salter scale for measuring oils and a mini scale for fragrances.
- I find it easier using a Pipette to extract fragrances
- temperature of cold process ingredients (the oils and lye solution) can greatly affect the final product. Measurements therefore must be accurate. The temperature of your soaping area also affects your results. If you were to ask advanced soapers, “What is the perfect soaping temperature?” you would receive a wide range of answers. This is because it depends greatly on the particular recipe and design. For most soapers, the preferred temperature of soaping lye and oils are 120-130 ° F. In addition, many soapers and books believe it is helpful to have the lye and oil within 10 degrees of each other.
- Check out this oil chart link…….http://www.lovinsoap.com/oils-chart/
- Lye can be measured in a glass pitcher but should only be mixed with distilled water in a plastic pitcher
- Always wear eye protection and face mask to protect from the temperatures and fumes.
Distilled or rain water must be used in soap making. Tap water crystallizes the soap. Distilled is the recommended fluid for soap. I have never used bottled water. I purchased 2×5 liters on ebay for £13. I shopped around and found suppliers willing to sell two bottles for the price of three.
ALWAYS add lye to distilled water. NEVER add water to lye.it is DANGEROUS and can be FATAL.
- Adding lye to room temperature water can cause the water to reach temperatures up to 200 ° F. The mixture also creates fumes, which should not be inhaled (ensure you wear your mask)
- TIP, TIP, TIP (I froze half my distilled water quantity and added the remainder at room temperature. The temperatures was just under 100 ° F). Always ensure you get your temperature in accordance with your recipe.
- The lye will be misty until it sets
The lie must be cool and clear before it can be applied to the oils. I used this time to prepare my oil, fragrance and colouring
- NOTE TO THE SELF……Some soap makers say soap can be made without lye. NOTE TO SELF after extensive research and expensive soap making classes with expert soap maker and successful business woman Linda Cross stresses……NO LYE NO SOAP. That goes for hot or cold process.
- ALWAYS LYE FOR HOT OR COLD PROCESS SOAPS.
- A Stick blender — to blend the oils with the lye mixture and start the saponification process. The stick blender is essential for hot and cold process soap. The food mixer better used for mixing colours in hot processing soap.
- A good range of oils particularly coconut oil,, butters and fragrances. Fragrances are not essential.